JUDY WOODRUFF: Good evening. I’m Judy Woodruff. On the “NewsHour” tonight: The outbreak spreads.
COVID-19 continues its march across the U.S., and Wall Street has its worst day in more
than a decade. Then, we are on the ground in a locked-down
Italy, where officials have restricted travel to the entire country to weather the wave
of coronavirus. LUCIA NAVONE, Milan Resident (through translator):
What is happening in my city is worrying me, and it is also saddening, because Milan is
a lively city. And to see it like this today, it is almost a defeat for me. JUDY WOODRUFF: Plus, Amy Walter and Tamara
Keith analyze the primary fight, as six more states prepare to cast votes tomorrow, and
Joe Biden racks up more endorsements. All that and more on tonight’s “PBS NewsHour.” (BREAK) JUDY WOODRUFF: The coronavirus outbreak has
etched grim new headlines tonight. In U.S. financial markets, the viral spread,
coupled with a 25 percent plunge in world oil prices, sent the Dow Jones industrials
average down more than 2,000 points, to close at 23851. The Nasdaq fell 625 points, and
the S&P 500 was down 225. All three indexes were off more than 7 percent
today, and they are down nearly 20 percent from their peaks just last month. We will return to the economy and the markets
in just a moment. But, first, Amna Nawaz looks at the new deadly
toll from the coronavirus, including 26 here in the U.S., and drastic new quarantine measures. AMNA NAWAZ: As the number of confirmed COVID-19
cases in the U.S. continues to rise, officials are stepping up measures to control the virus
spread, heeding a weekend warning from Dr. Anthony Fauci, infectious disease chief at
the National Institutes of Health. DR. ANTHONY FAUCI, Director, National Institute
of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: In real time, you got to evaluate the situation. If
we continue to see the community spread go up, I think you seriously need to look at
anything that’s a large gathering, again, I have to underscore, Chuck, particularly
if you are an individual who has an underlying condition and are vulnerable. AMNA NAWAZ: Across the country, communities
are bracing for disruption. Airlines now say they could lose more than $110 billion. And schools are assessing their own closures
in real time. After a member of New York’s Columbia University was exposed to COVID-19,
classes were canceled today and tomorrow, with remote classes planned for the rest of
the week. Further north in Westchester, Scarsdale public
schools have closed until March 18, after a middle school faculty member tested positive.
And across the country, Stanford University canceled in-person classes until March 22,
after a faculty member contracted the virus. Earlier today, in Oakland, California, officials
prepared to receive thousands of passengers from the Grand Princess cruise ship, docked
since March 4; 21 people aboard have tested positive for coronavirus. On Twitter, the president wrote — quote — “Last
year 37,000 Americans died from the common flu. At this moment, there are 546 confirmed
cases of coronavirus, with 22 deaths.” The virus, which affects the respiratory system,
has proven to be more dangerous for older people. In Albany today, New York Governor Andrew
Cuomo urged seniors to remain cautious. At least 142 people in his state have tested
positive. GOV. ANDREW CUOMO (D-NY): The fear and hysteria
is outpacing the reality of the situation, but the reality of the situation is, people
in that target group should be careful. AMNA NAWAZ: Meanwhile, in London, store shelves
lay bare. Tesco, the country’s largest retailer, has now restricted bulk purchases of products
like antibacterial gel and dried pasta. German health officials today lauded their
country’s preparedness, like this roadside testing in Southeast Germany. THOMAS LINHART, Malteser Aid Agency (through
translator): One advantage, of course, is that we are here on an open space, far away
from infrastructure. This means that, with this station, we contribute to keeping the
general practitioners from being overloaded and, above all, keep the hospitals free and
operational. AMNA NAWAZ: In Italy, officials over the weekend
locked down the hard-hit northern region, including Milan and Venice, and today expanded
the quarantine to the entire country, 60 million people, in an effort to contain the coronavirus. One Milan residents said the restrictions
are sparking fear outside the quarantine zone. BARBARA MICHELON, Milan Resident (through
translator): You can see the terror in people, even via e-mail. In my job, I have to travel
to other cities and abroad. All these travels have been canceled also because of people’s
fear. AMNA NAWAZ: But, in Paris, Disneyland remains
open and crowded, even after one worker tested positive for coronavirus. Meanwhile, Israel’s Prime Minister Benjamin
Netanyahu said today all Israelis entering the country from abroad must self-quarantine
for 14 days. Still, there are signs of recovery. In China,
where the virus began, authorities say the number of new cases in recent days are in
single digits. And the mayor of South Korea’s most affected city said new cases over the
weekend are the lowest in a week-and-a-half. Late today in the U.S., questions about President
Trump’s contacts with two Republican congressman who are now self-quarantined. Doug Collins
of Georgia shook hands with the president on Friday, and Matt Gaetz of Florida flew
with the president on Air Force One today. Both had contact with a conference-goer in
the D.C. area who was later diagnosed with coronavirus. For the “PBS NewsHour,” I’m Amna Nawaz. JUDY WOODRUFF: In the day’s other news: The
Democratic presidential race ticked down to another showdown between former Vice President
Joe Biden and Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders. Six states hold primary elections tomorrow,
with Michigan the biggest prize. Biden is looking to build an insurmountable lead in
delegates. Sanders is aiming to win back momentum. We will get the details later in the program. For the first time, Twitter has slapped a
manipulated media tag on campaign video shared by a White House aide and retweeted by President
Trump. The edited clip makes it appear that Democrat Joe Biden suggested Mr. Trump be
reelected. Twitter acted on Sunday. Facebook initially refused to do so, but, today, it
branded the video as partly false. In Afghanistan, there were competing inaugurals
today, with both Ashraf Ghani and Abdullah Abdullah declaring themselves president. The
National Election Commission had declared incumbent Ghani the winner. He celebrated
with supporters in Kabul. But Abdullah asserted he is the winner. He
claimed another Ghani win, after 2014’s disputed election, threatens Afghan democracy. ABDULLAH ABDULLAH, Afghan opposition Leader
(through translator): The Afghan people are the real winner of the election. If we had
not compromised in 2014 for national stability and unity, the country would have been in
crisis. But now the case is quite the opposite, and
if we were to accept the result of fraud under any name this time, it would mean the end
of democracy in Afghanistan. JUDY WOODRUFF: The split jeopardizes efforts
to begin peace talks between the Afghan government and the Taliban. The Pentagon confirms two U.S. service members
died in Iraq on Sunday. They were accompanying Iraqi security forces on a mission targeting
the Islamic State group. The U.S. statement says the troops were killed by enemy forces. A Dutch court today began a murder trial of
four men for the downing of a Malaysian Airlines flight in 2014. The passenger airliner was
destroyed by a missile over Ukrainian territory held by pro-Russian rebels. The presiding
judge began by reading the victims’ names, and he said the time for justice has come. HENDRIK STEENHUIS, Presiding Judge (through
translator): Many have been looking forward to this day for a long time, the day on which
the criminal case MH-17 begins. As a result of this terrible disaster, all
occupants, 298 men, women and children, were killed. This tragic loss of so many lives
has led to many reactions all over the world. JUDY WOODRUFF: The accused, three Russians
and one Ukrainian, are being tried in absentia. They are believed to be in Russia. The prime minister of Sudan, Abdalla Hamdok,
survived an apparent assassination attempt today. An explosion and gunfire targeted his
motorcade in Khartoum. The blast wrecked vehicles and brought crowds of onlookers into the streets. Sudan’s longtime ruler Omar al-Bashir was
ousted almost a year ago. The country is trying to transition to civilian rule. And Swedish-born actor Max von Sydow has died
in France. He made a number of films with director Ingmar Bergman, including “The Seventh
Seal,” but he gained global fame as the priest in 1973’s “The Exorcist.” In all, he appeared in nearly 200 movies and
TV productions. Max von Sydow was 90 years old. Still to come on the “NewsHour”: an entire
country under restriction — COVID-19 and a locked-down Italy; Amy Walter and Tamara
Keith analyze the two-man race for the Democratic nomination; and the former mayor of Chicago,
Rahm Emanuel, on the power of the modern city. We return now to the coronavirus outbreak and to Italy, which
was tonight put into lockdown, the entire country, by the government, 60 million people
told to stay home. That came after authorities there announced
today another spike in both the numbers of coronavirus cases and deaths. Over 9,100 people have contracted the disease;
463 are now dead from it. Special correspondent Christopher Livesay
filed this report from Rome before tonight’s countrywide lockdown took effect rooms. CHRISTOPHER LIVESAY: The streets outside Rome’s
coliseum have for days now fallen silent. As Italy battles the biggest coronavirus outbreak
outside China, the few tourists that remain at hot spots like St. Peter’s Square walk
the streets wearing respiratory masks. Mariana Gomez, a visitor from Mexico, says
many have given into the rising anxiety. MARIANA GOMEZ, Tourist (through translator):
I know it’s a phenomenon that is spreading worldwide to all people. But what I have seen,
in the few moments I have spent in Rome, is that there is a kind of psychosis here. CHRISTOPHER LIVESAY: It’s a similar scene
further north, in Milan, Italy’s financial capital. LUCIA NAVONE, Milan Resident (through translator):
What is happening in my city is worrying me, and it is also saddening, because Milan is
a lively city. And to see it like this today, it is almost a defeat for me. CHRISTOPHER LIVESAY: This after a record jump
in deaths this weekend prompted the government to take drastic and aggressive steps to stop
the virus’ spread. On Sunday, authorities quarantined the entire
northern region of Lombardy and nearby provinces, affecting about a quarter of Italy’s population.
But, today, authorities turned the entire country into a red zone. At an emergency news conference late today,
Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte said movement across Italy would be restricted, expect for
work or health reasons. GIUSEPPE CONTE, Italian Prime Minister (through
translator): The right decision today is to stay at home. Our future and the future of
Italy is in our hands. These hands have to be more responsible today than ever before. CHRISTOPHER LIVESAY: Before restrictions came
into force this weekend, a mad dash of travelers to catch the final trains out of the northern
region. ROBERTO PAGLIARA, University Student (through
translator): My decision was made in a hurry, so, I don’t know. Let’s say I am fleeing. CHRISTOPHER LIVESAY: But life elsewhere in
Italy has also been upended by the virus. On Sunday, Pope Francis canceled his public
appearances to avoid crowds from gathering, and delivered his Sunday blessings via videolink
from inside the Vatican. POPE FRANCIS, Leader of Catholic Church (through
translator): It’s a bit strange, this prayer today, with the pope caged in the library,
but I see you and I am close to you. CHRISTOPHER LIVESAY: But not too close. He
briefly waved from a window at the small crowd scattered across St. Peter’s Square, where
tens of thousands would normally gather. As for tourists, many popular destinations
were no-go zones. LAURA GOMEZ, Tourist (through translator):
We say it’s bad luck, because we arrived just yesterday, and the exact day that we planned
to do all the sightseeing, we find that everything is closed. CHRISTOPHER LIVESAY: The Coliseum is just
one of thousands of sites Italy has now closed across the country, as the contagion spreads
and the death toll soars. The toll on tourism could amount to more than
$8 billion in losses through the month of may. But not all locals here see a downside. ELLEN POLK, Tourist: It’s really fantastic
because the city is so quiet. There’s so little tourists. CHRISTOPHER LIVESAY: So are you afraid? ELLEN POLK: No, we are not afraid. We wash
our hands before we eat. And that’s about it. So, no, we’re not really afraid. CHRISTOPHER LIVESAY: Instead, it’s the toll
taken by the restrictions on other rituals of life here. Yesterday’s Inter Milan-Juventus
soccer match, a huge rivalry here, was played to an empty house, after the government required
sporting events to take place without fans. Today, the Italian Olympic Committee suspended
all sports nationwide through next month. And as of this week, the watchword from elsewhere
in Europe, mind the gap. Citizens must try to keep at least one meter of distance from
one another in all public spaces. Meanwhile, across Italy’s overcrowded prisons,
frustration with the new measures turned violent, with riots over new restrictions on family
visits aimed to curb the spread of the virus. For the “PBS NewsHour,” I’m Christopher Livesay
in Rome. JUDY WOODRUFF: And now we get some perspective
on today’s markets freefall and the widening economic fallout from the coronavirus outbreak. I’m joined by Mark Zandi, chief economist
of Moody’s Analytics. And to look at the challenges the airline industry is facing as people increasingly
cancel travel plans, Ben Mutzabaugh, who follows the industry for The Points Guy, an air travel
advice Web site. Welcome to you both. And, Mark Zandi, I want to start with you. How do you explain what happened today? MARK ZANDI, Chief Economist, Moody’s Analytics:
Well, I think we saw over the weekend what happened to a major economy, Italy, shut down
Milan and Venice. And I think people realized, well, if it can
happen there, it can happen in Boston and Orlando and Seattle. So I think that really
spooked investors. And then on top of that, the Saudis and the
Russians got into a battle over oil. And oil prices collapsed. And I think that spooked
a lot of investors in energy stocks. And then, finally, I think there’s growing
concern about the policy response. You know, what is the Trump administration in Congress
going to do to help address what’s going on here? And, so far, investors aren’t getting a good
feeling about that. And I think that makes them nervous as well. So it was a confluence of things that came
together, made it a really bad day. JUDY WOODRUFF: So you say really bad day,
worse — they’re saying the worst drop in, what, a decade on Wall Street. I was just reading. The S&P 500 has lost $5
trillion in value since its record highs just a few weeks ago. MARK ZANDI: Right. JUDY WOODRUFF: It sounds pretty drastic. MARK ZANDI: Well, I think recession risks
are high. I mean, I think, at this point, it’s going to be pretty tough to avoid. You know, the virus is going to be very disruptive,
travel, tourism, transportation. People are going to be stuck at home. They can’t work.
Then, of course, you have got the fear, and that’s showing up in the stock prices and
other financial markets. And, you know, the key here is going to be
whether the administration and Congress can get it together fast enough to provide some
help, because the Fed doesn’t have a whole lot of room to maneuver. Interest rates are
already pretty low. JUDY WOODRUFF: Right. MARK ZANDI: So, you know, I think it’s going
to be pretty tough to avoid recession at this point. JUDY WOODRUFF: What do you mean pretty tough
to avoid? I mean, are you saying it’s likely? MARK ZANDI: Yes, I think it’s more than likely. I mean, you know, we could get lucky and the
virus peters out and it’s not as big a deal as it does appear to be, or that the Congress
and administration get together quickly, pass a piece of legislation that would provide
a lot of support to the folks that are being hurt here and to the broader economy, and
we might be able to navigate through. But barring those things, I think recession
is likely. JUDY WOODRUFF: And from your — from where
you sit, what does that mean for ordinary Americans? MARK ZANDI: Well, nothing good. Your retirement nest egg is going to be smaller.
Wages are not going to increase. Some people aren’t going to hold onto their jobs. They
are going to lose their jobs. So, unemployment will start to rise. I don’t think we should be thinking that this
is something like the financial crisis, 10 percent unemployment, that we got 10 years
ago. That’s not what this is. And that’s not what we’re going to experience. But it’s going to be a more typical garden
variety recession, which means a lot of financial pain and suffering. JUDY WOODRUFF: Garden variety, but with a
real human cost. MARK ZANDI: Exactly. JUDY WOODRUFF: Well, let me turn now to you,
Ben Mutzabaugh, somebody who spends a lot of time looking at the airlines. They’re having a tough time at the moment. BEN MUTZABAUGH, The Points Guy: They are having
a tough time. And you don’t have to — you can be sitting
on your couch at home and know that the coronavirus and the related situation is bad for the airlines.
And we’re certainly seeing that. I think what has struck me with coronavirus
is that things were fine for the airlines, until they weren’t. We talked to some airline
CEOs last week here at a conference in Washington. And they said demand in January was fine.
Demand in February was fine, all while this was going on in China. And then all of a sudden, pretty much that
first week of March, you saw things go from fine to all of a sudden people are either
canceling plans or they have stopped booking, as this kind of fear or concern around the
virus grows. JUDY WOODRUFF: How much is air travel off,
passenger travel off right now? BEN MUTZABAUGH: I think we’re still getting
a sense of that. It’s happened so quickly, that if you look at the latest numbers that
are available, you don’t see a whole lot, because it really just went off a cliff. I think once you get to the end of March,
that’s where you’re going to see some really strong numbers. I think what is really concerning
to me, in past recessions or downturns, what you have seen is, you have seen the airlines,
they will adjust their schedules at the beginning of the next season, which is when they typically
make adjustments to their schedules. But this drop-off has been so precipitous
that we have seen some airlines just roll out cuts almost immediately or in short order,
say, we’re cutting 10 percent of domestic, 20 percent for international, which is what
United has done. They’re going to be temporary, presumably.
But then we also have to wait to see what the rebound looks like, if — when it happens. JUDY WOODRUFF: Will these airlines survive
this? Will they stay in business? BEN MUTZABAUGH: You know, here’s where I can
actually give you a little bit of good news. So, what is different now than in 2000 or
even 2010, after the Great Recession, is, we have had all of these airline mergers,
right? And I know you’re going to have some critics say that — decry the loss of competition. The flip side of that is the U.S. airline
industry has never been stronger financially. And where we might see some bankruptcies in
Europe or Asia, some places, especially in China that have been harder-hit, unless this
really has an extended lifespan that none of us expect, the airlines will — they will
lose some money, they will lose some revenue, but I think all the big airlines today will
be here standing strong six months from now, next year. JUDY WOODRUFF: But, in the meantime, who’s
affected? Obviously, the people who work for the airlines,
but what about all those who — ripple effects from that? BEN MUTZABAUGH: Yes, this is really — the
tentacles really get into everything, which is I guess is not a surprise when you’re talking
about travel. I mean, we have already seen airlines have
hiring freezes, talking about unpaid leave, voluntary unpaid leave at this point. So that
obviously affects airline workers. But you start to think about it. Conferences are being
canceled as employers pull back travel and conferences. South by Southwest was canceled. Those are people who would normally be saving
hotel rooms, taking Ubers, taking taxis, eating at restaurants. I mean, this really just kind
of stretches into everything. JUDY WOODRUFF: And the entire travel — any
part of that industry that is affected. (CROSSTALK) BEN MUTZABAUGH: Yes. I mean, the way this ripples out is really
just hard to enumerate. There’s just such a big effect of it. JUDY WOODRUFF: And just — in just a few seconds,
is there something the industry looks to Washington to do for help? BEN MUTZABAUGH: I think just some solid guidance. And they may, at some point, ask — I know
the one thing we have seen is maybe waiving some taxes that they have to pay, some relief
there. But I think that’s all wait to — wait to
see. JUDY WOODRUFF: All right, Ben Mutzabaugh and
Mark Zandi, thank you both. We appreciate it. BEN MUTZABAUGH: Thank you. JUDY WOODRUFF: As voters in six more states
prepare to head to the polls tomorrow, the Democratic presidential campaign entered a
new phase this week. Lisa Desjardins will have analysis, more analysis,
in a moment. But we begin with Yamiche Alcindor, who reports
on what has become essentially a two-man race. YAMICHE ALCINDOR: In Michigan, Bernie Sanders
and Joe Biden on a collision course. SEN. BERNIE SANDERS (I-VT), Presidential Candidate:
We are the campaign that can defeat Trump. YAMICHE ALCINDOR: A state critical in November
and where, four years ago, Sanders nearly won the Democratic primary. But a new Monmouth University poll out today
shows Biden with a 15-point lead in the state. On Tuesday, with 125 delegates at stake, Michigan
is the biggest prize. But five other states head to the polls, and,
altogether, there are more than 350 delegates up for grabs. With the campaign down to two
main candidates, both spent the past few days drawing distinctions on key issues for the
Democratic base, like health care, the focus for Biden during a visit to a medical facility
in Grand Rapids today. JOSEPH BIDEN (D), Presidential Candidate:
Senator Sanders is a good man. His Medicare for all push would be a long and expensive
slog, if we can it get done at all. And the patients at Cherry Hill, they can’t
afford to wait for a revolution. They’re looking for results in their families and for themselves
today, immediately, not tomorrow. YAMICHE ALCINDOR: While, during a rally in
Missouri, Sanders defended his plan. SEN. BERNIE SANDERS: We are prepared, uniquely,
in this campaign to take on a health care industry that last year made $100 billion
in profit. YAMICHE ALCINDOR: Both campaigns have also
rolled out big endorsements, the Vermont senator campaigning with civil rights leader Reverend
Jesse Jackson. REV. JESSE JACKSON, FOUNDER, Rainbow/PUSH
Coalition: Bernie Sanders can win, will win, must win. YAMICHE ALCINDOR: The Sanders campaign is
hoping Jackson’s support can help cut into Biden’s commanding lead among black voters. Meanwhile, the vice president gained the support
of two more former rivals, Senators Kamala Harris and Cory Booker. His total endorsements
from the 2020 field up is now up to 10. SEN. CORY BOOKER (D-NJ): Stand with me now
for Joe Biden! (CHEERING AND APPLAUSE) YAMICHE ALCINDOR: Monday night in Detroit,
Harris and Booker are set to campaign with Biden. JOSEPH BIDEN: If you want a nominee who’s
going to bring this party together. YAMICHE ALCINDOR: Biden’s supporters hope
his appeal for unity will help him secure the nomination. HANNAH HOCKMAN, Michigan Voter: I just feel
like he has a better chance of beating Trump than Bernie because he’s more, like, moderate
as a Democrat. YAMICHE ALCINDOR: While Sanders continues
his call for a political revolution. It’s an appeal resonating with his most ardent
supporters. MAN: We need a radical change after this — four
years of this mess. And we’re here for Bernie. We need somebody that’s going to lift our
spirits, make sure that we prosper on. We definitely need change. We need change. YAMICHE ALCINDOR: Sanders is counting on his
high support among younger voters. But, so far, they have failed to show up in overwhelming
numbers. SEN. BERNIE SANDERS: And we have got to tell
those people, stop complaining. Get involved in the political process. YAMICHE ALCINDOR: By the end of Tuesday, both
candidates will have a clearer idea of their path forward, with nearly half of all delegates
awarded. For the “PBS NewsHour,” I’m Yamiche Alcindor. LISA DESJARDINS: And breaking down the latest
developments on the 2020 campaign trail, as always, it’s time for Politics Monday. First up, Amy Walter of The Cook Political
Report, host of public radio’s “Politics With Amy Walter.” She’s in New York. And Tamara
Keith, we are told is getting ready to join us in a few minutes. Amy, let’s start with what a difference a
week makes. The last time we had Politics Monday, before Super Tuesday. Take me through where you see the race now,
with Biden in the lead of delegates. Where are we? AMY WALTER, The Cook Political Report: I know.
We really are with Biden in the lead of delegates. In fact, Lisa, I was just walking through
our conversation in my head the other day when you said, well, what would it take for
Joe Biden to be able to catch up? And I said, well, you know, part of Joe Biden’s
problem is, he doesn’t have a lot of money or infrastructure. And that actually didn’t
matter much, because what he had was unity. And he had Donald Trump. And Donald Trump is the best get-out-the-vote
operation that Democrats have had. It helped them in the 2017 legislative races. It helped
them in the 2018 races for Congress in the midterms. And it’s helping Joe Biden now,
because Democratic voters are so focused — we have been talking about this, Lisa — from
the very beginning of this contest, the intense focus that Democrats, the majority of Democrats
have, on beating Donald Trump, how important that is to them. And when every — almost every other Democrat
dropped out, Pete Buttigieg, Amy Klobuchar, and Beto O’Rourke all came together right
before Super Tuesday and endorsed Joe Biden, what it said to Democratic voters was, OK,
this is the candidate who can beat Donald Trump. And it paid off, obviously, quite substantially
on Super Tuesday. So where we are right now, Lisa, is, we’re looking at Joe Biden going
from underdog to front-runner, and now it’s Bernie Sanders who’s the underdog. He is going to need the kind of muscular turnout
and vote share that Joe Biden had in Super Tuesday for this upcoming Super Tuesday. LISA DESJARDINS: Yes. Tamara Keith, so what does Bernie Sanders
need to do now? TAMARA KEITH, National Public Radio: Well,
he needs to win. And the thing is that Michigan in particular
is a really symbolic state, because it’s a state that Hillary Clinton lost in 2016 in
November. She also lost it in the primary in that year to Bernie Sanders. He won it.
He came from behind and surprised everyone and won it. And that was really a critical moment for
his campaign. That was the moment, that surprise victory, that essentially allowed him to stay
in the race through to the end. But if he can’t win in Michigan, it could be a similarly
significant moment for his campaign this time around in the opposite direction. LISA DESJARDINS: So let’s look at those states
voting tomorrow. AMY WALTER: Although… LISA DESJARDINS: Oh, Amy, I’m sorry. Go ahead. AMY WALTER: Yes, just a quick point. LISA DESJARDINS: Yes. AMY WALTER: It is true, it was a come-from-behind
victory last time for Bernie Sanders. But even that, just like now, a narrow victory
is not enough for him. He needs to make up a lot of delegates. Now, Joe Biden has a significant
enough lead that it is going to be hard for him to catch up without a big win in some
of these states, including Michigan. LISA DESJARDINS: So let’s look at what’s on
— what the possibilities are for tomorrow. These are the states — I know Yamiche pointed
this out before. These are the six states, mostly the middle of the country. And also
then Washington state is another big one. Looking at the Michigan poll that came out
just a few hours ago, one thing stood out. Joe Biden’s winning in many, many groups,
but not with the young. Let’s look at what’s happening there. Bernie Sanders is up by 11 points with voters
under 50. That’s not just 20-year-olds. Those are voters under 50. So, Amy, my question about that is, that’s
part of the Obama coalition. What’s going on that they are not signing on to this electability
argument, apparently. Is that crucial for Biden? Is that enough for Sanders? AMY WALTER: Well, about two-thirds of all
primary voters going into this have been under the age of 45. And Joe Biden, especially in these last series
of elections, has been doing very well with those voters. You’re right that that sort
of older millennial to younger Gen Z has still stuck with Bernie Sanders. The good news in
this poll for Bernie Sanders is, he’s still winning those voters. The bad news is, he’s not winning them by
as big a number as, say, Joe Biden is winning those voters 50 and over. LISA DESJARDINS: All right, let’s turn here. Most of these states voting tomorrow, interestingly
enough, do not yet have cases of coronavirus reported. That’s the exception. Most of the
country does have cases of coronavirus. So these campaigns are continuing to have
public event, no changes in schedule yet. I cover Congress. We have five members of
Congress now, ladies, who are self-quarantining because of exposure to the COVID-19 virus,
but no major changes on Capitol Hill yet. However, I know some staff are telling their
bosses, let’s stop shaking hands now to politicians. I want to ask you — Tam, I will start with
you — is this going to change the campaign trail and sort of how our government and politicians
operate? TAMARA KEITH: Yes, I think so. I think that there’s no way that it doesn’t
eventually. I mean, you don’t see Sanders and Biden campaigning in Washington state
right now, where coronavirus is very prevalent. And the thing is, like, the — President Trump
typically, every — like, all year long, has had a rally on the eve of the Democratic primary
in a swing state, in an important state, New Hampshire, Iowa. Well, tomorrow, Michigan is voting. Michigan
is like one of the most important swing states. And President Trump doesn’t have a rally scheduled
in Michigan. He’s not there tonight. And there’s no indication — he has no rallies scheduled
out at all at the moment. Now, his campaign says, nothing is changing,
they’re not doing anything differently. He did go to a bunch of fund-raisers over the
last several days and shake a lot of hands. But, inevitably, something is going to change,
because so much of daily life is changing. LISA DESJARDINS: I want to talk about another
thing that we’re watching, of course. Hearing from the president on coronavirus is something
that we have been wanting to do for a few days. And this is a case now, we heard from Judy’s
interview just a few minutes ago sober economic news, not positive, very serious health issue
rising in this country. Amy, what exactly do you think the political
risks are for the president in how he handles this? Where is he right now in showing leadership? AMY WALTER: That’s right. I mean, right now, I think the jury is still
out. The latest polling that came out today, the Quinnipiac poll, 43 percent approve of
the job that the president’s doing on handling the coronavirus, 49 percent disapprove. So
that’s a minus-6 percent. But quite — that’s a lot better than his
overall job approval rating, which is minus-15. So it’s better — that’s one point. The other piece is, the president is so focused
and has been so diligent about being the disrupter. That is his brand. That is what he likes doing,
keeping people off base, keeping his opponents sort of on their back heel. But what voters are going to want, if we are
in a serious health crisis, which we may very well be, in a serious economic crisis, what
they want is stability, not chaos. LISA DESJARDINS: OK. Thank you to both of
you. One quick note. Tam, I know you said the virus
is prevalent in Washington state, 174 cases. So it’s something that obviously they have
a concern about, but is something that is in a certain area. Amy Walter, Tamara Keith, thank you both very
much. JUDY WOODRUFF: Yes, thank you, all three. And, tomorrow night, please join me and the
entire “PBS NewsHour” team for a primary election night special. That’s at 11:00 p.m. Eastern
right here on your PBS station, also online and on all of our social media channels, including
Facebook and Twitter. And now back to our lead story, the coronavirus. There has been criticism and concern from
some experts about how the president, his team and top public health officials are communicating
important information to the American public. At times, the president has been at odds with
what others say, or has statements that are wrong, inaccurate, or lack important context. That happened on Friday, when he visited the
CDC and was asked about when Americans could be tested for the virus. DONALD TRUMP, President of the United States:
Anybody that needs a test can have a test. They’re all set. They have them out there. In addition to that, they’re making millions
of more as we speak. As of right now and yesterday, anybody that needs a test — that’s the important
thing — and the tests are all perfect, like the letter was perfect. JUDY WOODRUFF: In fact, some states can only
do limited numbers of tests right now. And tests are still being distributed. A short time after the president spoke Friday,
Vice President Pence offered a clarification. MIKE PENCE, Vice President of the United States:
We trust, in a matter of weeks, the coronavirus tests will be broadly available to the public
and available to any American that is symptomatic and has a concern about the possibility of
having contracted the coronavirus. JUDY WOODRUFF: So let’s look at some of these
concerns we’re discussing around what is being controlled conveyed to the public. Dr. Joshua Sharfstein is the vice dean at
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. He’s a former deputy commissioner of the FDA.
He’s also the author of “The Public Health Crisis Survival Guide: Leadership and Management
in Trying Times.” Dr. Sharfstein, thank you very much for joining
us. How important is clear communication, accurate
communication at a time like this? DR. JOSHUA SHARFSTEIN, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg
School of Public Health: It is incredibly important, because without clear, compelling,
compassionate communication, people don’t know what to do. And they can’t take action
necessarily to protect themselves and those they love. JUDY WOODRUFF: So, what does that mean is
the responsibility of leaders, whether they are leaders in the political sector or in
the health sector or, for that matter, in the economic sector? DR. JOSHUA SHARFSTEIN: Well, communications
is one of the central components of crisis response. And what it means is having — designating
people who are credible and trust worthy to give information to the public, whether it’s
good news or bad news, with context, with care, with empathy, but telling it like it
is. And if you don’t have that, then people can
become uncertain, they can lose trust, they can become fearful, and they can basically
not do the things that they actually need to do to stay as healthy as possible. JUDY WOODRUFF: In your view, is that the kind
of communication you’re describing taking place right now? DR. JOSHUA SHARFSTEIN: I think there are few
people who would that say this is really by-the-book communication at the moment. I think the concern is not only that there
are mixed messages being given, but that some of the most credible and compelling people
in the administration are not really leading the communications effort. And I will give you an example. I think it
doesn’t matter the political party. Any politician, when they say something, they want to stick
to it. And people say, well, if you change your mind or you say something different,
that is like flip-flopping. But in a public health crisis, the circumstances
might change, the science might change, the guidance might change. And a — an experienced
communicator will be able to explain if something has changed, something different needs to
be done. So it’s really important to leave the bulk
of the communications to people who can really put it in context, who have subject matter
expertise, and can really compel attention and trust. JUDY WOODRUFF: I want to read something the
president, President Trump tweeted late this morning. As you may know, he has over 70 million
followers on Twitter. This is what the president wrote. He said: “So, last year, 37,000 Americans
died from the common flu. It averages between 27,000 and 70,000 per year. Nothing is shut
down. Life and the economy go on. At this moment, there are 546 confirmed cases of coronavirus
with 22 deaths. Think about that!” I think the suggestion he is making is that
the country, people don’t stop doing the things they ordinarily do when there is a common
flu, which kills, as he says, tens of thousands of Americans. We don’t have those kinds of
statistics right now around the coronavirus. Why should we be getting so exercised about
this? DR. JOSHUA SHARFSTEIN: Well, the challenge
is that there is no spin for a virus. The virus doesn’t get to tweet. The virus is just doing what the virus does.
And it’s up to the rest of us to take the actions necessary to control it. There is
a lot of concern that this is a virus that is spreading, if you look at what is happening
in Italy or other countries. We need to do everything we can right now
to prevent that from happening here. The concern with just general reassurance is that people
will lapse back into thinking this isn’t something I need to change my life around. I heard one person say that they saw some
reassuring message on cable TV and decided to go ahead with a big party for a lot of
people who were over 70, 75 years old, where all these people are going to be traveling. Like, that’s not good. It is putting them
at risk. And so it’s better to be focused on what could happen and how to prevent worse
problems than just sort of putting a gloss on the situation right now. JUDY WOODRUFF: Well, what you say to just,
as an example, one of President Trump’s followers on Twitter who read that, reads that, and
thinks, well, the common flu kills many more people, why should I even be concerned right
now? DR. JOSHUA SHARFSTEIN: Well, this is a new
virus. It is a virus that none of us have immunity to. It is a virus that is killing people around
the world. And if it spreads like it is spreading there here, many more people could die in
the United States than from flu. And we have to do everything we can to prevent that from
happening here. And, particularly, the good news is, there
are things we can do. It’s really important in communications not to have people feel
either helpless or hopeless. So, wash your hands. Stay home if you are
sick. Cough into your arm, the sorts of things, even basic things. What can everybody do?
Those really should be the most important messages right now. JUDY WOODRUFF: Dr. Joshua Sharfstein of Johns
Hopkins, thank you very much. DR. JOSHUA SHARFSTEIN: Thanks for having me. JUDY WOODRUFF: And we will be back shortly
with a conversation with former Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel on why local leadership is needed
now. But, first, take a moment to hear from your
local PBS station. It’s a chance to offer your support, which helps to keep programs
like ours on the air. We look now at an art show that is both making
history and teaching it. Hearts of Our People: Native Women Artists
is the country’s first ever exhibition devoted solely to the works of Native American women. The exhibition is currently at the Smithsonian
American Art Museum in Washington, D.C. Last year, Jeffrey Brown traveled to Minnesota
and New Mexico to meet with some of the team behind the retrospective. This encore look is part of our ongoing arts
and culture series, Canvas. JEFFREY BROWN: How many artists have a master’s
in fine arts and studied auto mechanics? Meet Rose Simpson, whose day of making art
includes hours coiling clay in her studio, soldering metal pieces for sculptures in her
garage, and spending time under the hood of a 64 Buick Riviera she’s fixing up. Simpson lives and works on the Santa Clara
Pueblo just outside Espanola, New Mexico. Her mother, Roxanne Swentzell, is a ceramicist,
as was her mother, a tradition through time. ROSE SIMPSON, Artist: I come from a long,
long line of artists and creative people. And long line, I mean, like, as far as you
can go back. JEFFREY BROWN: You’re not talking about 10
or 20 years. You’re talking about hundreds. ROSE SIMPSON: Yes, I’m talking about hundreds,
possibly thousands. JEFFREY BROWN: Continuity and seeing art as
part of daily life. Simpson’s work is a contemporary take on the
traditions of her Santa Clara Tewa ancestors. And now she’s part of a groundbreaking exhibition,
the first of its kind dedicated to more than 1,000 years of artistic achievements by Native
American women. Put together by the Minneapolis Institute
of Arts, where we saw it, the exhibition is called Hearts of Our People. JILL AHLBERG YOHE, Co-Curator, Hearts of Our
People: Seeing these works of art together. JEFFREY BROWN: Co-curator Jill Ahlberg Yohe: JILL AHLBERG YOHE: This exhibition was really
necessary in a non-Native context, because it had never been explored before. And that
was stunning, because something that is so clear in Native communities wasn’t at all
addressed in the art world. JEFFREY BROWN: On display, some 117 works
of art from more than 50 Native American communities across the U.S. and Canada. There are traditional
pieces, like this Anishinaabe jingle dress created in 1900 and worn for dancing at powwows,
and a Hohokam bowl dating back to 1,000 A.D. There’s also contemporary photography, video
and installation pieces, like Fringe, a 2007 piece by Rebecca Belmore tackling the issue
of violence against Native people, particularly women. Whenever possible, the creators of these works
are named. Rather than generic craftspeople, the exhibition wants us to see creative individuals
making art. JILL AHLBERG YOHE: I think that the way — that
the development of collecting Native American art and the stories that had previously been
told are ones that position Native women as non-artists. JEFFREY BROWN: Contemporary artists are shown
alongside those of their ancestors, highlighting the way Native women’s art has adapted, while
remaining connected to generations past. One example? This towering stack of blankets
by Seneca artist Marie Watt entitled Blanket Stories, displayed next to a traditional Navajo
chief’s blanket from the 1880s. And then there’s Rose Simpson’s piece, a restored
1985 Chevrolet El Camino she named Maria. Sitting at the show’s entrance, it’s paired
with a large vase by the car’s namesake, Maria Martinez, the celebrated pioneer of the black-on-black
Pueblo pottery style emulated in the car’s paint job. But a car as art? Rose Simpson made Maria
herself, to use, to drive. Plus, she realized it holds things, just like some of her other
creations. ROSE SIMPSON: It hit me like, pew, it’s a
pot. It is a super contemporary vessel. This is why there is no disconnect between
life and art. JEFFREY BROWN: No disconnect? ROSE SIMPSON: No. And this is — what does art have to do with
cars? I’m like, what does art have to do with life? What does life have to do with art? The point is that we have ripped art away
from our lives. And so the more I could apply the creative process to every part of my life,
then the stronger I felt as a person. JEFFREY BROWN: Given the show’s size and scope,
Jill Ahlberg Yohe and co-curator Teri Greeves knew they could not put it together alone.
They assembled an advisory board of scholars, historians and artists, 21 women in total,
Native and non-Native. DYANI WHITE HAWK, Artist: The work is indigenous,
truly indigenous art form. JEFFREY BROWN: Among the advisers, Dyani White
Hawk of the Rosebud Sioux Tribe, a painter and mixed media artist based in Minneapolis. DYANI WHITE HAWK: This exhibit covers 1,000
years. JEFFREY BROWN: Yes. DYANI WHITE HAWK: Still, it was so hard to
pick the pieces that were going to go in the show, because there’s so many that could be. JEFFREY BROWN: White Hawk’s work mixes modern
techniques with traditional Lakota artforms like bead and quill work. She says the recognition
of Native women artists is long overdue. DYANI WHITE HAWK: The vast majority of Native
arts has been supported by women over generations, but it’s an aside. It’s a side note in the
way that we understand and look at American art history. And it’s not a truthful and honest way to
understand the history and artistic history of this land. JEFFREY BROWN: Rose Simpson also served on
the museum’s advisory board. For her, being in the show is an opportunity to open doors
for other Native American artists. ROSE SIMPSON: It’s absolutely about changing
a mind-set. The first step is to infiltrate and then get respect, and then pull it back
the other way. I was handed this — the baton, right? And
I have to go further and really respect it and be responsible with it. JEFFREY BROWN: And she’s choosing to remain
in her rural home, where she’s passing on an ancient artistic tradition to her own daughter. For the “PBS NewsHour,” I’m Jeffrey Brown
on the Santa Clara Pueblo in New Mexico. JUDY WOODRUFF: Rahm Emanuel’s political career
has taken him to the White House twice, serving as a top adviser to Presidents Clinton and
Obama, elected to the U.S. House of Representatives for three terms, and elected mayor of Chicago
twice. But in his new book, “The Nation City,” he
argues that mayors are the country’s most effective government officials today. We sat down recently, and he started by explaining
how his family’s immigrant roots inspired him to write this book. RAHM EMANUEL (D), Former Mayor of Chicago:
I dedicate the book to my father, who just passed away. He came here as an immigrant. He had ray postcard
of the boat that brought him here. And he had not a bucket to spit in or window to throw
it out of. And he makes it and has one of the — ends up with the largest medical practice,
pediatric practice in the city. I used to joke — he was a pediatrician in
Albany Park. My uncle was a police officer in Albany Park. My grandfather when he thought
he made it moved to Albany Park. And I represented Albany Park in Congress. I said, we traveled
many miles. We just didn’t go very far as a family. JUDY WOODRUFF: So, you have a hopeful message
here, Rahm Emanuel. RAHM EMANUEL: Yes. JUDY WOODRUFF: But it is based on a depressing
premise. And that is that the… RAHM EMANUEL: You are so Jewish, Judy. What
a way to discover that. (LAUGHTER) JUDY WOODRUFF: It is based on the premise
that the federal government is dysfunctional. RAHM EMANUEL: Yes. JUDY WOODRUFF: Everybody goes around saying
that. What do you mean by it, though? RAHM EMANUEL: Well, I think there’s a lot
of things that lead to it. But it is distant, it is disinterested, it is dysfunctional,
and it matches up against the city’s streets — strengths that are intimate, immediate
and impactful. And I will give you one illustration of something
I write. The first chapter is about education. I’m very proud of what we did. We made four
more years of education in Chicago. Pre-K became universal. Kindergarten became universal.
We added an hour and 15 minutes to every day. And then we made community college free to
every person in the city of Chicago who got a B average in high school, and gave transportation,
et cetera. And so what I mean by that is, Chicago started
some; 8,000 kids have now gone to community college for free. Seven other cities are replicating
it. The federal government’s never called. We
have never been asked to testify. They never said, hey, how’s this working? My mother thinks
it’s the most influential thing that’s happened in education policy in the last 10 years. But don’t you think, if we’re going past the
high school, where there’s eight cities, nine cities doing this, somebody would in the national
government say, what’s the retention rate? What’s the completion rate? JUDY WOODRUFF: And you’re saying the federal
government isn’t interested? RAHM EMANUEL: Blind. JUDY WOODRUFF: What do cities need to realize
their full potential? RAHM EMANUEL: So you have to make the type
of quality investments, one first, second, and third, quality public education. Number two, great investment in transportation,
so everybody in the city can participate in the opportunities that a city has to offer,
not just one part. Third, the parks and the libraries are the
level set where people of all walks of life have the same access and the same opportunities.
Those are the types of things that I think are essential. And then, most importantly,
as a city is growing economically, you have got to make sure that growth is shared and
given to other communities that have — communities that have a challenge, whether it’s in education
or an economic investment, they get that investment. JUDY WOODRUFF: You write about a number of
mayors who’ve done a good job. There’s a former mayor running for president you don’t write
about it in here. (LAUGHTER) JUDY WOODRUFF: And that’s Bernie Sanders.
He was mayor of Burlington, Vermont. RAHM EMANUEL: Yes. JUDY WOODRUFF: Why did you leave him out?
Do you think… RAHM EMANUEL: Well, I didn’t leave him out
intentionally. JUDY WOODRUFF: Right. RAHM EMANUEL: Because they’re the mayors I
served with I know. It would be interesting. I think Bernie’s
going to rely more about talking about what he did as mayor of Burlington and less about
his Senate career to remind people he’s not from Washington. JUDY WOODRUFF: I think people are saying now
they have never seen the Democratic Party as conflicted as it is right now, maybe as
divided as it is right. Why is that? RAHM EMANUEL: Well, it’s interesting. You have real pressure on the party. And it’s
interesting you say this, because there’s some elements of the party coming out of the
progressive wing that see the Obama and Clinton years as unsatisfying for the progressive
agenda. Now, as a student of politics, there’s only
three Democrats in the last 100 years who got reelected, Roosevelt, Clinton and Obama.
It’s kind of a weird position to be dismissive of Bill Clinton’s policies and politics, Barack
Obama’s policies and politics. They did get reelected. And I’d rather have eight years of their progressivity
vs. another four years of Donald Trump’s. And one of the things I know… JUDY WOODRUFF: And you’re saying, if Bernie
Sanders is the nominee, you’re afraid… RAHM EMANUEL: I think that people — well,
I think there’s an energy in the progressive wing that somehow is dismissive, not just
of the policy, but take the politics. You have six elections since ’92, all of Bill
Clinton’s, all of Barack Obama’s, the ’06 midterms and the 2018 midterms, all following
the singular political paradigm. It would be reckless, with all that’s at stake, from
Congress, to Senate, to governors, to statehouses, let alone the presidency, to cast away that
political lesson and say, we’re not going to take the lesson of 2018. We’re going to go and say, forget swing voters,
forget independent voters, who don’t want to vote for President Trump. We’re going to
have a record turnout of young voters and working-class voters, which we have never,
ever experienced to happen to win. I think that is putting too much at the roulette
table, when you have a model, as recently as just 14 months ago, that was a national
model of success. JUDY WOODRUFF: Rahm Emanuel. The book is “The Nation City: Why Mayors Are
Now Running the World.” Thank you. RAHM EMANUEL: Thank you, Judy. JUDY WOODRUFF: Good to see you. RAHM EMANUEL: Thank you. JUDY WOODRUFF: And a quick news update before
we go. President Trump announced tonight that the
administration will discuss a payroll tax cut and other measures with congressional
leaders tomorrow to try to counter the economic impact of the coronavirus. He did not answer questions about whether
he has himself been tested for the virus. Vice President Pence said that he has not
been tested, and he said he does not know if the president has been. And that’s the “NewsHour” for tonight. I’m Judy Woodruff. Join us online and again here tomorrow evening.
For all of us at the “PBS NewsHour,” thank you, and we’ll see you soon.

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